Maximum power point tracking improvement using type-2 fuzzy controller for wind system based on the double fed induction generator




wind turbine, doubly fed induction machine, Lyapunov function, maximum power point tracking, fuzzy logic type-2, fuzzy logic type-1


Introduction. In this paper, to maximize energy transmission in wind power system, various Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) approaches are available. Among these techniques, we have proposed the one based on typical fuzzy logic. Despite the somewhat reduced performance of fuzzy MPPT. For a number of reasons, fuzzy MPPT can replace conventional optimization techniques. In practice, the effectiveness of conventional MPPT methods depends mainly on the accuracy of the information given and the wind speed or knowledge of the aerodynamic properties of the wind system. Novelty. Our new MPPT for monitoring the maximum power point has been proposed. We developed an algorithm to improve control performance and govern the stator’s developed active and reactive power using the typical fuzzy logic 2 and enable robust control of a grid-connected, doubly fed induction generator. Purpose. MPPT which implies the wind turbine’s rotating speed should be modified in real time to capture the most wind energy, is necessary to achieve high efficiency for wind energy conversion, according to the aerodynamic characteristics of the wind turbine. Methods. Developing a mathematical model for a wind energy production system is complex, can be strongly affected by wind variation and is a non-linear problem. Thanks to these characteristics, thus, the Lyapunov technique is combined with a sliding mode control to ensure overall asymptotic stability and robustness with regard to parametric fluctuations in order to accomplish this goal. We contrasted our fuzzy type-2 algorithm’s performance with that of the fuzzy type-1 and Perturbation & Observation (P&O) suggested in the literature. Practical value. The simulation results demonstrate that the control performance is satisfactory when using the fuzzy logic technique. From these results, it can be said for the optimization of energy conversion in wind systems, the fuzzy type-2 technique may offer a workable option. Since it presents a great possibility to avoid problems either technical or economics linked to conventional strategies.

Author Biographies

M. Kaddache, University of Oum El Bouaghi

PhD Student, Laboratoire de Génie Electrique et Automatique (LGEA)

S. Drid, Higher National School of Renewable Energies, Environment and Sustainable Development

PhD, Professor

A. Khemis, University of Khenchela

Doctor of Technical Science, Associate Professor

D. Rahem, University of Oum El Bouaghi

PhD, Professor, Laboratoire de Génie Electrique et Automatique (LGEA)

L. Chrifi-Alaoui, University of Picardie Jules Verne

PhD, Professor, Laboratoire des Technologies Innovantes (LTI)


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How to Cite

Kaddache, M., Drid, S., Khemis, A., Rahem, D., & Chrifi-Alaoui, L. (2024). Maximum power point tracking improvement using type-2 fuzzy controller for wind system based on the double fed induction generator. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (2), 61–66.



Power Stations, Grids and Systems