Cascade sliding mode maximum power point tracking controller for photovoltaic systems




renewable energy, photovoltaic system, maximum power point tracking, DC-DC boost converter, sliding mode control


Introduction. Constant increases in power consumption by both industrial and individual users may cause depletion of fossil fuels and environmental pollution, and hence there is a growing interest in clean and renewable energy resources. Photovoltaic power generation systems are playing an important role as a clean power electricity source in meeting future electricity demands. Problem. All photovoltaic systems have two problems; the first one being the very low electric-power generation efficiency, especially under low-irradiation states; the second resides in the interdependence of the amount of the electric power generated by solar arrays and the ever changing weather conditions. Load mismatch can occur under these weather varying conditions such that maximum power is not extracted and delivered to the load. This issue constitutes the so-called maximum power point tracking problem. Aim. Many methods have been developed to determine the maximum power point under all conditions. There are various methods, in most of them based on the well-known principle of perturb and observe. In this method, the operating point oscillates at a certain amplitude, no matter whether the maximum power point is reached or not. That is, this oscillation remains even in the steady state after reaching the maximum power point, which leads to power loss. This is an essential drawback of the previous method. In this paper, a cascade sliding mode maximum power point tracking control for a photovoltaic system is proposed to overcome above mentioned problems. Methodology. The photovoltaic system is mainly composed of a solar array, DC/DC boost converter, cascade sliding mode controller, and an output load. Two sliding mode control design strategies are joined to construct the proposed controller. The primary sliding mode algorithm is designed for maximum power point searching, i.e., to track the output reference voltage of the solar array. This voltage is used to manipulate the setpoint of the secondary sliding mode controller, which is used via the DC-DC boost converter to achieve maximum power output. Results. This novel approach provides a good transient response, a low tracking error and a very fast reaction against the solar radiation and photovoltaic cell temperature variations. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in the presence of environmental disturbances.

Author Biographies

M. A. Hessad, Mostefa Ben Boulaïd University of Batna 2

PhD Student, LSTEB Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering

Z. Bouchama, Mohamed El Bachir El Ibrahimi University of Bordj Bou Arreridj

PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Electromechanical Engineering

S. Benaggoune, Mostefa Ben Boulaïd University of Batna 2

Professor, LSTEB Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering

K. Behih, Ferhat Abbas University of Setif 1

PhD, Associate Professor, LSI Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering


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How to Cite

Hessad, M. A., Bouchama, Z., Benaggoune, S., & Behih, K. (2023). Cascade sliding mode maximum power point tracking controller for photovoltaic systems. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (1), 51–56.



Power Stations, Grids and Systems