Performance improvement of shunt active power filter based on indirect control with a new robust phase-locked loop
Keywords:active power filter, robust phase-locked loop, harmonics, particle swarm optimization-reference signal tracking controller
Introduction. Since the development of the first active power filter (APF) in 1976, many efforts have been focused on improving the performances of the APF control as the number of different nonlinear loads has continued to increase. These nonlinear loads have led to the generation of different types of current harmonics, which requires more advanced controls, including robustness, to get an admissible total harmonic distortion (THD) in the power system. Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to develop a robust phase-locked loop (PLL) based on particle swarm optimization-reference signal tracking (PSO-RST) controller for a three phase three wires shunt active power filter control. Methodology. A robust PLL based on PSO-RST controller insert into the indirect d-q control of a shunt active power filter was developed. Results. Simulation results performed under the MATLAB/SimPowerSystem environment show a higher filtering quality and a better robustness compared to the classical d-q controls. Originality. Conventional PLLs have difficulty determining the phase angle of the utility voltage sources when grid voltage is distorted. If this phase angle is incorrectly determined, this leads to a malfunction of the complete control of the active power filters. This implies a bad compensation of the current harmonics generated by the nonlinear loads. To solve this problem we propose a robust and simple PLL based on PSO-RST controller to eliminate the influence of the voltage harmonics. Practical value. The proposed solution can be used to improve the functioning of the shunt active power filter and to reduce the amount of memory implementation.
Akagi H., Kanazawa Y., Fujita K., Nabae A. Generalized theory of instantaneous reactive power and its application. Electrical Engineering in Japan, 1983, vol. 103, no. 4, pp. 58-66. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/eej.4391030409.
Jalil M., Amiri A. An Effective Structure of Three-Phase Parallel Hybrid Active Power Filter to Accurate Harmonic Elimination. 2020 15th International Conference on Protection and Automation of Power Systems (IPAPS), 2020, pp. 123-129. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/IPAPS52181.2020.9375544.
Bekakra Y., Zellouma L., Malik O. Improved predictive direct power control of shunt active power filter using GWO and ALO – Simulation and experimental study. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 2021, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 3859-3877. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2021.04.028.
Chelli Z., Lakehal A., Khoualdia T., Djeghader Y. Study on Shunt Active Power Filter Control Strategies of Three-phase Grid-connected Photovoltaic Systems. Periodica Polytechnica Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2019, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 213-226. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPee.14025.
Mahanty R. Indirect current controlled shunt active power filter for power quality improvement. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 2014, vol. 62, pp. 441-449. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.05.002.
Singh B.N. Sliding mode control technique for indirect current controlled active filter. Annual Technical Conference IEEE Region 5, 2003, pp. 51-58. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/REG5.2003.1199710.
Choukri Benhabib M., Saadate S. A New Robust Experimentally Validated Phase Locked Loop for Power Electronic Control. EPE Journal, 2005, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 36-48. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09398368.2005.11463595.
Biricik S., Ozerdem O.C., Redif S., Kmail M.I.O. Performance Improvement of Active Power Filter under Distorted and Unbalanced Grid Voltage Conditions. Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, 2013, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 35-39. doi: https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.eee.19.1.3247.
Kaura V., Blasko V. Operation of a phase locked loop system under distorted utility conditions. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1997, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 58-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/28.567077.
Ali S., Setiawan I., Handoko S. Design and Performance Test of Three Phased Synchronous Reference Frame-Phase Locked Loop (SRF-PLL) using DSPIC30F4011. 2018 5th International Conference on Information Technology, Computer, and Electrical Engineering (ICITACEE), 2018, pp. 51-56. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICITACEE.2018.8576978.
Aredes M., Monteiro L.F.C., Miguel J.M. Control strategies for series and shunt active filters. 2003 IEEE Bologna Power Tech Conference Proceedings, 2003, vol. 2, pp. 955-960. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/PTC.2003.1304675.
Verma A.K., Jarial R.K., Rao U.M. An Improved Pre-Filtered Three-Phase SRF-PLL for Rapid Detection of Grid Voltage Attributes. 2019 National Power Electronics Conference (NPEC), 2019, pp. 1-4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/NPEC47332.2019.9034706.
Han B., Bae B. Novel Phase-Locked Loop Using Adaptive Linear Combiner. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 2006, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 513-514. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2005.860436.
Sepahvand H., Saniei M., Mortazavi S.S., Golestan S. Performance improvement of single-phase PLLs under adverse grid conditions: An FIR filtering-based approach. Electric Power Systems Research, 2021, vol. 190, p. 106829. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2020.106829.
Xu J., Qian H., Hu Y., Bian S., Xie S. Overview of SOGI-Based Single-Phase Phase-Locked Loops for Grid Synchronization Under Complex Grid Conditions. IEEE Access, 2021, vol. 9, pp. 39275-39291. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3063774.
Nazib A.A., Holmes D.G., McGrath B.P. Decoupled DSOGI-PLL for Improved Three Phase Grid Synchronisation. 2018 International Power Electronics Conference (IPEC-Niigata 2018-ECCE Asia), 2018, pp. 3670-3677. doi: https://doi.org/10.23919/IPEC.2018.8507364.
Elmansouri A., El mhamdi J., Boualouch A. Wind energy conversion system using DFIG controlled by back-stepping and RST controller. 2016 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies (ICEIT), 2016, pp. 312-318. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/EITech.2016.7519612.
Vongkoon P., Liutanakul P. Frequency Estimation Improvement for Single-Phase Phase-Locked Loop Using Digital RST controller. 2019 IEEE PES GTD Grand International Conference and Exposition Asia (GTD Asia), 2019, pp. 490-494. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/GTDAsia.2019.8715963.
Robert D., Sename O., Simon D. Sampling period dependent RST controller used in control/scheduling co-design. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 2005, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 225-230. doi: https://doi.org/10.3182/20050703-6-CZ-1902.01077.
Poitiers F., Machmoum M., Le Doeuff R., Zaim M.E. Control of a doubly-fed induction generator for wind energy conversion systems. International Journal of Renewable Energy Engineering, 2001, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 373-378.
Eberhart R., Kennedy J. A new optimizer using particle swarm theory. MHS’95. Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science, 1995, pp. 39-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/MHS.1995.494215.
Bourouis M. el A., Zadjaoui A., Djedid A. Contribution of two artificial intelligence techniques in predicting the secondary compression index of fine-grained soils. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, 2020, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 96. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-020-00348-1.
Eberhart R., Yuhui Shi. Particle swarm optimization: developments, applications and resources. Proceedings of the 2001 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (IEEE Cat. No.01TH8546), 2001, vol. 1, pp. 81-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC.2001.934374.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 A. Chemidi, M. C. Benhabib, M. A. Bourouis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.