Analysis of distribution laws of transformer oil indicators in 110-330 kV transformers




transformer oil, oil indicators, operating time, statistical analysis, distribution laws, goodness-of-fit criteria, Weibull distribution, density functions


Introduction. Ensuring the operational reliability of power transformers is an urgent task for the power industry in Ukraine and for most foreign countries. One of the ways to solve this problem is the correction of maximum permissible values of insulation parameters. However, such a correction is fundamentally impossible without an analysis of the laws of distribution of diagnostic indicators in the equipment with different states. The purpose of the research is to analyse the laws of distribution of the quality indicators of transformer oil with different states in 110 and 330 kV transformers. Novelty. It was found that both 330 kV autotransformers and 110 kV transformers have the displacements between the mathematical expectations of the distribution density of usable oil indicators. It caused by different service life of the analysed transformers and different values of load factors. This indicates the need to consider the influence of these factors when correcting the maximum permissible values of oil indicators. Also, the presence of displacement between the distribution densities of some indicators of usable oil in 110 kV transformers and 330 kV autotransformers has been revealed. It indicates a different intensity of oxidation reactions in transformers with different voltage class. In order to reduce the heterogeneity of initial data the procedure of statistical processing of in-service test results has been proposed as a method. This procedure combines the use of a priori information about the service life of equipment and values of load factors with the elements of statistical hypothesis testing. The results of the analysis of the distribution laws of transformer oil indicators with different states have shown that for both usable and unusable oil the values of oil indicators obey the Weibull distribution. Values of the shape and scale parameters for each of the obtained indices arrays have been obtained, as well as calculated and critical values of the goodness-of-fit criteria. Practical value. Obtained values of the distribution law parameters of the transformer oil indicators with different states, considering the service life and operating conditions allow to perform the correction of the maximum permissible values of the indicators using the statistical decision-making methods.

Author Biographies

O. Shutenko, National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»

PhD, Associate Professor

S. Ponomarenko, National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»

PhD Student


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How to Cite

Shutenko, O., & Ponomarenko, S. (2021). Analysis of distribution laws of transformer oil indicators in 110-330 kV transformers. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (5), 46–56.



Electrical Insulation and Cable Engineering