Mathematical modelling of transients in the electric drive of the turnout of the mono-sleeper type with switched-inductor motor

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2021.2.03

Keywords:

switched-inductor electric drive, electromechanical system, control system, fuzzy speed controller

Abstract

Introduction. The study is devoted to the development of the functionality of a railway track switch by introducing a switched-inductor electric drive. This solution justifies simplifying the mechanical part of the switches by changing the gearbox to a ball-screw and locating the all kinematic line of the switches on the mono-sleeper type. Goal. A study of the mono-sleeper turnout type behaviour to meet modern traffic safety requirements and improve operational reliability factors. Methodology. Based on electric drive theory, a kinematic line of a mono-switch turnout type with nonlinear friction characteristic is presented. Using differential equation theory and Laplace transformation, a mathematic description of a four-phase switched-inductor motor with ball-screw in a mechanical line of a single-mass electromechanical system has been made. A simulation mathematical model of the electric drive of mono-sleeper turnout type as the control system with a switched-inductor motor and nonlinear friction characteristic was built in MATLAB. Results. Simulation modelling of a mathematical model of a mono-sleeper turnout type with a switched-inductor motor and ball-screw gear has been developed and implemented. Studies of dynamics of turnout point movement have shown that, in contrast to the motors used today, the switched-inductor motor makes it possible to simplify the mechanical part of the drive, which leads to reduced time spent on laying and maintenance of turnout points, and therefore makes the design more reliable. The application of PID controller and fuzzy speed controller has shown improved dynamics of turnout point, while the fuzzy PID controller provides better performance of the set values and turnout point movements. Originality. First developed a mathematical model of the electric drive of the mono-sleeper turnout type, taking into account nonlinear friction characteristic, as an object of speed control of turnout point movement, is developed. Practical value. The developed mathematical model of a railway track turnout of the mono-sleeper type with a switched-inductor motor and ball-screw gear enables more efficient use of a microprocessor control system, creation of promising electric motor protection means and control of a turnout point.

Author Biographies

S. G. Buriakovskyi, Research and Design Institute «Molniya» of National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute», Ukraine

Doctor of Technical Science, Professor,

A. S. Maslii, Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, Ukraine

PhD, Associate Professor

L. V. Asmolova, National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute", Ukraine

PhD

N. T. Goncharuk, Dnipropetrovsk Regional Institute for Public Administration, National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine, Ukraine

Doctor of Science in Public Administration, Professor,

References

Pro skhvalennia Natsionalnoi transportnoi stratehii Ukrainy na period do 2030 roku: rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 30 travnia 2018 r. № 430-r [On approval of the National Transport Strategy of Ukraine for the period up to 2030. Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of May 30, 2018 № 430-r]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/go/430-2018-%D1%80 (Accessed 20.10.2020). (Ukr).

Ministerstvo infrastruktury Ukrainy. Informatsiia pro ukrainski zaliznytsi [Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine. General information about railway transport]. Available at: https://mtu.gov.ua/en/content/informaciya-pro-ukrainski-zaliznici.html (Accessed 20.10.2020). (Ukr).

Kande M., Isaksson A., Thottappillil R., Taylor N. Rotating Electrical Machine Condition Monitoring Automation – A Review. Machines, Oct. 2017, vol. 5, no. 4, p. 24. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/machines5040024.

Bemment S.D., Goodall R.M., Dixon R., Ward C.P. Improving the reliability and availability of railway track switching by analysing historical failure data and introducing functionally redundant subsystems. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, Sep. 2017, vol. 232, no. 5, pp. 1407-1424. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0954409717727879.

Buriakovskyi S., Smirnov V., Asmolova L., Obruch I., Rafalskyi O., Maslii A. Analysis of optimization criteria for the process of switch displacement in a DC railroad turnout. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, Dec. 2019, vol. 6, no. 2 (102), pp. 58-69. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.187580.

Fathy Abouzeid A., Guerrero J.M., Endemaño A., Muniategui I., Ortega D., Larrazabal I., Briz F. Control strategies for induction motors in railway traction applications. Energies, Feb. 2020, vol. 13, no. 3, p. 700. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030700.

Dorohin B.P., Serdyuk T.M. Implementation of new types of points motors. Electromagnetic compatibility and safety on railway transport, 2013, no. 6, pp. 71-84. Available at: http://ecsrt.diit.edu.ua/article/view/51291 (Accessed 20.10.2020). (Rus).

Buriakovskyi S.G., Maslii A.S., Pasko O.V., Smirnov V.V. Mathematical modelling of transients in the electric drive of the switch – the main executive element of railway automation. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, 2020, no. 4, pp. 17-23. doi: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2020.4.03.

Lagos R.F., San Emeterio A., Vinolas J., Alonso A., Aizpun M. The influence of track elasticity when travelling on a railway turnout. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Railway Technology: Research, Development and Maintenance, 2014, p. 11. doi: https://doi.org/10.4203/ccp.104.208.

Kuznetsov B.I., Nikitina T.B., Kolomiets V.V., Bovdui I.V. Improving of electromechanical servo systems accuracy. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, 2018, no. 6, pp. 33-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2018.6.04.

Moiseenko V.I., Poddubnyak V.I. Avtomatika i komp'iuternye sistemy na stantsiiakh [Automation and computer systems in stations]. Kiev, Transport of Ukraine Publ., 1999. 142 p. (Rus).

Arslan B., Tiryaki H. Prediction of railway switch point failures by artificial intelligence methods. Turkish journal of electrical engineering & computer sciences, Mar. 2020, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 1044-1058. doi: https://doi.org/10.3906/elk-1906-66.

Sokol Y.I., Buryakovskiy S.G., Masliy Ar.S. Energy-efficient electric drive of multifunctional turnout. Problemy Kolejnictwa, 2014, no. 165, pp. 99-107. Available at: http://atena.ikolej.pl/images/PDF/165_8.pdf (Accessed 20.10.2020).

Buriakovskyi S., Maslii A., Pasko O., Denys I. Research and development of an electric traction drive based on a switched reluctance motor. Transport Problems, 2018, vol. 13, no. 2, pр. 69-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.20858/tp.2018.13.2.7.

Li F., Jiang Y., Li T., Du Y. An improved dynamic model of preloaded ball screw drives considering torque transmission and its application to frequency analysis. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2017, vol. 9, no. 7, p. 168781401771058. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1687814017710580.

Buriakovskyi S., Babaiev M., Liubarskyi B., Maslii A., Karpenko N., Pomazan D., Maslii A., Denys I. Quality assessment of control over the traction valve-inductor drive of a hybrid diesel locomotive. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 2018, vol. 1, no. 2 (91), pp. 68-75. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.122422.

Sezen S., Karakas E., Yilmaz K., Ayaz M. Finite element modeling and control of a high-power SRM for hybrid electric vehicle. Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, Mar. 2016, vol. 62, pp. 49-67. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simpat.2016.01.006.

Buriakovskyi S.H., Maslii Ar.S., Maslii An.S. Elektropryvid strilochnoho perevodu [Electric switch point drive]. Patent UA, no. 95497, 2014. (Ukr).

Published

2021-04-10

How to Cite

Buriakovskyi, S. G. ., Maslii, A. S. ., Asmolova, L. V. ., & Goncharuk, N. T. . (2021). Mathematical modelling of transients in the electric drive of the turnout of the mono-sleeper type with switched-inductor motor. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (2), 16–22. https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2021.2.03

Issue

Section

Electrotechnical complexes and Systems

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>