DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2020.2.03

СРАВНИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ ДВУХ ОДНОФАЗНЫХ ВЫСОКОСКОРОСТНЫХ МАШИН С МАГНИТАМИ НА СТАТОРЕ

V. A. Prakht, V. A. Dmitrievskii, V. M. Kazakbaev, S. Kh. Oshurbekov

Анотація


Цель. Исследование характеристик двух высокоскоростных однофазных электрических машин с магнитами на статоре (электрическая машина с переменным направлением потока и гибридная вентильно-индукторная реактивная машина): сравниваются такие характеристики как КПД, вес, стоимость активных материалов, номинальный ток элементов преобразователя частоты. Методика. Расчет характеристик электрической машины с помощью решения двухмерных краевых магнитостатических задач. Результаты. Произведено сопоставление двух типов однофазных машин с магнитами на статоре; получено расчетное сравнение характеристик однофазной электрической машины с переменным направлением потока и однофазной гибридной вентильно-индукторной реактивной машины; получены результаты сравнения массы и размеров КПД двух машин. Научная новизна. Впервые получены результаты сравнения однофазной электрической машины с переменным направлением потока и однофазной гибридной вентильно-индукторной реактивной машины. Практическое значение. Полученные результаты могут помочь при выборе лучшей конструкцией электродвигателя в рассматриваемых приложениях: электрический турбонаддув, бытовые приборы, вентиляторы, насосы и компрессоры малой мощности и т.д.

Ключові слова


высокоскоростные машины; гибридная вентильно-индукторная реактивная машина; машина с переменным направлением магнитного потока; машина с постоянными магнитами; однофазные электрические машины; специальные электрические машины

Повний текст:

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Посилання


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Jeong K., Ahn J. Design and characteristics analysis of a novel single-phase hybrid SRM for blender application. Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology, 2018, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1996-2003. doi: 10.5370/JEET.2018.13.5.1996.

Torok V., Loreth K. The world’s simplest motor for variable speed control? The Cyrano motor, a PM-biased SR-motor of high torque density. Proceedings of the 1993 5th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Brighton, UK, 13-16 Sept. 1993.

Deodhar R.P., Andersson S., Boldea I., Miller T.J.E. The flux-reversal machine: a new brushless doubly-salient permanent-magnet machine. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1997, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 925-934. doi: 10.1109/28.605734.

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Dmitrievskii V., Prakht V., Kazakbaev V., Sarapulov S. Steady-state model of a single-phase flux reversal motor. Proceedings of 58th International Scientific Conference on Power and Electrical Engineering of Riga Technical University (RTUCON 2017), pp. 1-5, Riga, Latvia, 12-13 October 2017.

Dmitrievskii V., Prakht V., Kazakbaev V., Sarapulov S. Optimal design of a high-speed single-phase flux reversal motor for vacuum cleaners. Energies, 2018, vol. 11, no. 12, p. 3334. doi: 10.3390/en11123334.

Goss J., Popescu M., Staton D. A comparison of an interior permanent magnet and copper rotor induction motor in a hybrid electric vehicle application. Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC), 2013 IEEE International, pp. 220-225, Chicago, IL, USA, 12-15 May 2013. doi: 10.1109/iemdc.2013.6556256.

Rahman T., Mohammadi M.H., Humphries K., Lowther D.A. Comparison of fractional-slot concentrated winding and PM-assisted synchronous reluctance motors for class IV electric vehicles. Proceedings of IEEE Int. Electrical Machines and Drives Conf. (IEMDC 2017), Miami, pp. 1-7, USA, May 2017. doi: 10.1109/iemdc.2017.8002173.

Calvo E., Potoradi D. Synchronous reluctance motors with and without permanent magnets for high performance low cost electrical drives. Proceedings of 5th International Electric Drives Production Conference (EDPC 2015), pp. 1-7, Nuremberg, Germany, 15-16 September 2015. doi: 10.1109/edpc.2015.7323220.

ChenYang NdFeB Magnets. Price List of Standard Block Magnets. Available at: http://www.ndfebmagnets.de/CY-PriceList-NdFeB-Block.pdf (accessed 05 July 2019).

IBSMagnet. Hard ferrite magnets. Available at: https://ibsmagnet.com/products/dauermagnete/hartferrit.php (accessed 05 July 2019).

Lee W., Kim J.H., Choi W., Sarlioglu B. Torque Ripple Minimization Control Technique of High-Speed Single-Phase Brushless DC Motor for Electric Turbocharger. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2018, vol. 67, no. 11, pp. 10357-10365. doi: 10.1109/tvt.2018.2866779.


Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ


  1. Bentouati S., Zhu Z., Howe D. Permanent magnet brushless DC motors for consumer products. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives (Conf. Publ. No. 468), pp. 118-122,Canterbury,UK, 1-3 September 1999.
  2. Jeong K., Ahn J. Design and characteristics analysis of a novel single-phase hybrid SRM for blender application. Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology, 2018, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1996-2003. doi: 10.5370/JEET.2018.13.5.1996.
  3. Torok V., Loreth K. The world’s simplest motor for variable speed control? The Cyrano motor, a PM-biased SR-motor of high torque density. Proceedings of the 1993 5th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications,Brighton,UK, 13-16 Sept. 1993.
  4. Deodhar R.P., Andersson S., Boldea I., Miller T.J.E. The flux-reversal machine: a new brushless doubly-salient permanent-magnet machine. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1997, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 925-934. doi: 10.1109/28.605734.
  5. Дмитриевский В.А., Прахт В.А. Однофазная электрическая машина. Патент RU № 2524144. Дата публикации: 27.07.2014.
  6. Dmitrievskii V., Prakht V., Pozdeev A., Klimarev V., Mikhalitsyn A. Angular grinder with new flux reversal motor. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), pp. 1366-1371,Pattaya,Thailand, 25-28 October 2015.
  7. Dmitrievskii V.A., Prakht V.A. Mathematical simulation of a high-speed single-phase machine with alternating current direction. Russian Electrical Engineering, 2016, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 327-332. doi: 10.3103/s1068371216060043.
  8. Dmitrievskii V., Prakht V., Kazakbaev V., Sarapulov S. Steady-state model of a single-phase flux reversal motor. Proceedings of 58th International Scientific Conference on Power and Electrical Engineering of Riga Technical University (RTUCON 2017), pp. 1-5, Riga, Latvia, 12-13 October 2017.
  9. Dmitrievskii V., Prakht V., Kazakbaev V., Sarapulov S. Optimal design of a high-speed single-phase flux reversal motor for vacuum cleaners. Energies, 2018, vol. 11, no. 12, p. 3334. doi: 10.3390/en11123334.
  10. Goss J., Popescu M., Staton D. A comparison of an interior permanent magnet and copper rotor induction motor in a hybrid electric vehicle application. Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC), 2013 IEEE International, pp. 220-225, Chicago, IL, USA, 12-15 May 2013. doi: 10.1109/iemdc.2013.6556256.
  11. Rahman T., Mohammadi M.H., Humphries K., Lowther D.A. Comparison of fractional-slot concentrated winding and PM-assisted synchronous reluctance motors for class IV electric vehicles. Proceedings of IEEE Int. Electrical Machines and Drives Conf. (IEMDC 2017), Miami, pp. 1-7, USA, May 2017. doi: 10.1109/iemdc.2017.8002173.
  12. Calvo E., Potoradi D. Synchronous reluctance motors with and without permanent magnets for high performance low cost electrical drives. Proceedings of 5th International Electric Drives Production Conference (EDPC 2015), pp. 1-7, Nuremberg, Germany, 15-16 September 2015. doi: 10.1109/edpc.2015.7323220.
  13. ChenYang NdFeB Magnets. Price List of Standard Block Magnets. Available at: http://www.ndfebmagnets.de/CY-PriceList-NdFeB-Block.pdf (accessed 05 July 2019).
  14. IBSMagnet. Hard ferrite magnets. Available at: https://ibsmagnet.com/products/dauermagnete/hartferrit.php (accessed 05 July 2019).
  15. Lee W., Kim J.H., Choi W., Sarlioglu B. Torque Ripple Minimization Control Technique of High-Speed Single-Phase Brushless DC Motor for Electric Turbocharger. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2018, vol. 67, no. 11, pp. 10357-10365. doi: 10.1109/tvt.2018.2866779.

 





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