ОСНОВНЫЕ ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ ДЛЯ ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ МАГНИТНО-ИМПУЛЬСНОГО ПРИТЯЖЕНИЯ ЛИСТОВЫХ МЕТАЛЛОВ. КРАТКИЙ ОБЗОР

Yu. V. Batygin, E. A. Chaplygin, S. A. Shinderuk, V. A. Strelnikova

Анотація


В статье описано оборудование, предназначенное для магнитно-импульсного притяжения листовых металлов, которое позволяет бесконтактное деформирование, как ферромагнетиков, так и немагнитных заготовок из алюминиевых сплавов и практического применения новых передовых технологий в современной индустрии. Притяжение ферромагнитных образцов обусловлено их магнитными свойствами. Для притяжения немагнитных металлов в конструкцию индукторной системы, являющейся инструментом метода, вводится вспомогательный проводящий экран. Представлены различные конструкции инструментов притяжения для выполнения различных производственных операций по обработке металлов, обладающих различными электрофизическими свойствами. Описана новизна магнитно-импульсных установок, используемых в качестве источников энергии в комплексах оборудовании для ремонта автомобильных кузовов.

Ключові слова


магнитно-импульсная обработка металлов; электромагнитная формовка; электромагнитные силы притяжения; ферромагнитные металлы; немагнитные металлы; низкочастотные разряды

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Посилання


1. Psyk V., Risch D., Kinsey B.L., Tekkaya A.E., Kleiner M.Electromagnetic forming – A review. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2011, vol.211, no.5, pp.787-829.doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2010.12.012.

2. Furth H. et al. Devices for metal-forming by magnetic tension. US Patent, no.3,196,649, 1965.

3. Karl A. Hansen, Iver Glen Hendrickson. Electromagnetic dent puller. US Patent, no.3,998,081, 1976.

4. I. Glen Hendrickson, Karl A. Hansen. Electromagnetic dent remover with tapped work coil. US Patent, no.4,986,102, 1991.

5. Peter B. Zieve. Power supply for electromagnetic proof load tester and dent remover. US Patent, no.5,046,345, 1991.

6. Available at: http://www.electroimpact.com (accessed 15 January 2018).

7. Available at: http://www.fluxtronic.com (accessed 15 January 2018).

8. Shneerson G.A. Polya i perehodnye processy v apparature sverhsilnyh tokov [Fields and transients in equipment superstrong currents]. Leningrad, Energoizdat Publ., 1981. 200 p. (Rus).

9. Batygin Yu.V., Lavinsky V.I., Khimenko L.T. Direction Change of the Force Action upon Conductor under Frequency Variation of the Acting magnetic Field. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on High Speed Metal Forming. March 31/April 1, 2004. Dortmund, Germany, pp. 157-160.

10. Batygin Yu.V., Lavinskiy V.I. Khavin V.L., Khimenko L.T. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotovok [Method of magnetic-pulse working of thin-walled metallic billets]. Patent UA, no.75676, 2006.

11. Meichtry R., Kouba I. International Patent Application, no.2006119661, 2006.

12. Meichtry R., Basler B., Kouba I. International Patent Application, no.20160044748, 2016.

13. Available at: http://www.betaginnovation.com (accessed 15 January 2018).

14. Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Smirnov D.O., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shchigoleva S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotivok z vykorystannjam uzgodzhuval'nogo prystroju [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of thin-walled metal billets with using a matching device]. Patent UA, no.69467, 2013.

15. Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotovok [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of thin-walled metal billets]. Patent UA, no.68745, 2011.

16. Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shchigoleva S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv sumishhenym dyskovym pogodzhuval'nym prystrojem z dempfernoju konstrukcijeju [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of the metal objects by integrated matching disk device with a damping construction]. Patent UA, no.75790, 2012.

17. Batygin Yu.V., Lavіns'kij V.І., Khavіn V.L. Sposіb magnіtno-іmpul'snoyi obrobki tonkostіnnih metalevih zagotovok [Method of the magnetic-pulse processing thin metal work pieces]. Patent UA, no.74909, 2006.

18. Chaplygin Ye.A., Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metalevyh zagotivok metodom prytjagannja do induktora [Method of magnetic-pulse working of metallic billets by attraction to inductor]. Patent UA, no.31751, 2008.

19. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Smirnov D.O. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv odnovytkovym cylindrychnym induktorom, rozdilenym na dvi gilky [Method of magnetic pulse attraction of metal objects by two-wind cylindrical inductor divided into two branches]. Patent UA, no.54753, 2010.

20. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Argun Sch.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv odnovytkovoju induktornoju systemoju z tonkym ekranom [Method of pulsed magnetic attraction of metal objects by single-turn inductor system with thin screen]. Patent UA, no.70055, 2012.

21. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Shigoleva S.A., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv dvovytkovoju krugovoju induktornoju systemoju z tonkym ekranom [The method of magnetic-pulse attraction of metal objects by double-turn circular inductor system with a thin screen]. Patent UA, no.70734, 2012.

22. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja tonkostinnyh lystovyh metaliv bagatovytkovoju krugovoju indukcijnoju induktornoju systemoju [The method of pulsed magnetic attraction of thin sheet metals by induction multiturn rotary inductor system]. Patent UA, no.92037, 2014.

23. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A, Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Bagatovytkova krugova indukcijna induktorna systema dlja magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja tonkostinnyh lystovyh metaliv [The multiturn rotary induction coil system for pulsed magnetic attraction of thin sheet metals]. Patent UA, no.92436, 2014.

24. Batygіn Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygіn Ye.A., Trunova І.S., Gopko A.V., Sabokar O.S. Sposіb magnіtno-іmpul'snogo prityagannya metalevih zagotіvok odnovitkovim krugovim іnduktorom, roztashovanim nad dopomіzhnim ekranom [Method of the magnetic-pulse attraction metal workpeaces single-turn circular inductor located on the auxiliary screen]. Patent UA, no.77579, 2013.

25. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A, Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky poverhon' kuzovnyh elementiv [The method of magnetic pulsed processing surface body elements]. Patent UA, no.104509, 2015.

26. Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu., Serikov G.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metalevyh zagotivok [Method of magnetic-pulse working of metallic billets]. Patent UA, no.31752, 2008.

27. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Serikov G.S., Drachenko S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv prjamokutnym induktorom, z dvoma rozrizamy [Method of magnetic pulse attraction of metal objects by rectangular inductor with two slots]. Patent UA, no.53968, 2010.

28. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shinderuk S.A., Shchigoleva S.A., Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh zagotivok induktornoju systemoju z dvoma prjamokutnymy vytkamy ta tonkym ekranom [The method of the magnetic pulsed attraction of the metallic billets by the inductor system with two rectangular turns and by the thin screen]. Patent UA, no.78243, 2013.

29. Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu., Gnatov A.V., Serikov G.S., Chaplygin Ye.A. Generator bagatorazovyh impul'siv strumu dlja magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metaliv [Generator of repeated current pulses for magnetic pulse working metals]. Patent UA, no.44933, 2009.

30. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gnatova Sh.V., Trunova I.S. Generator bagatokratnyh impul'siv strumu dlja obrobky metaliv tyskom impul'snogo magnitnogo polja [Generator of multiple pulses of current for metal forming by pulsed magnetic field pressure]. Patent UA, no.61417, 2011.

31. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Dzubenko A.A., Argun Sh.V., Drobinin A.M. Generator bagatorazovyh unipoljarnyh impul'siv strumu dlja magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metaliv [The generator of multiple unipolar current pulses for magnetic-pulse metal working]. Patent UA, no.73733, 2012.

32. Batygin Yu.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Sabokar O.S. Peretvorjuvach energii' zarjadnogo konturu magnitno-impul'snoi' ustanovky [The energy transducer for the magnetic pulsed installation charging circuit]. Patent UA, no.110809, 2016.

33. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Argun Sh.V., Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Kompleks zovnishn'ogo magnitno-impul'snogo ryhtuvannja [The complex of the external magnetic pulsed straightening]. Patent UA, no.101413, 2015.


Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ


1.     Psyk V., Risch D., Kinsey B.L., Tekkaya A.E., Kleiner M.Electromagnetic forming – A review. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2011, vol.211, no.5, pp.787-829.doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2010.12.012.
2.     Furth H. et al. Devices for metal-forming by magnetic tension. US Patent, no.3,196,649, 1965.
3.     Karl A. Hansen, Iver Glen Hendrickson. Electromagnetic dent puller. US Patent, no.3,998,081, 1976.
4.     I. Glen Hendrickson, Karl A. Hansen. Electromagnetic dent remover with tapped work coil. US Patent, no.4,986,102, 1991.
5.     Peter B. Zieve. Power supply for electromagnetic proof load tester and dent remover. US Patent, no.5,046,345, 1991.
6.     Available at: http://www.electroimpact.com (accessed 15 January 2018).
7.     Available at: http://www.fluxtronic.com (accessed 15 January 2018).
8.     Shneerson G.A. Polya i perehodnye processy v apparature sverhsilnyh tokov [Fields and transients in equipment superstrong currents]. Leningrad, Energoizdat Publ., 1981. 200 p. (Rus).
9.     Batygin Yu.V., Lavinsky V.I., Khimenko L.T. Direction Change of the Force Action upon Conductor under Frequency Variation of the Acting magnetic Field. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on High Speed Metal Forming. March 31/April 1, 2004. Dortmund, Germany, pp. 157-160.
10.  Batygin Yu.V., Lavinskiy V.I. Khavin V.L., Khimenko L.T. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotovok [Method of magnetic-pulse working of thin-walled metallic billets]. Patent UA, no.75676, 2006.
11.  Meichtry R., Kouba I. International Patent Application, no.2006119661, 2006.
12.  Meichtry R., Basler B., Kouba I. International Patent Application, no.20160044748, 2016.
13.  Available at: http://www.betaginnovation.com (accessed 15 January 2018).
14.  Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Smirnov D.O., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shchigoleva S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotivok z vykorystannjam uzgodzhuval'nogo prystroju [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of thin-walled metal billets with using a matching device]. Patent UA, no.69467, 2013.
15.  Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotovok [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of thin-walled metal billets]. Patent UA, no.68745, 2011.
16.  Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shchigoleva S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv sumishhenym dyskovym pogodzhuval'nym prystrojem z dempfernoju konstrukcijeju [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of the metal objects by integrated matching disk device with a damping construction]. Patent UA, no.75790, 2012.
17.  Batygin Yu.V., Lavіns'kij V.І., Khavіn V.L. Sposіb magnіtno-іmpul'snoyi obrobki tonkostіnnih metalevih zagotovok [Method of the magnetic-pulse processing thin metal work pieces]. Patent UA, no.74909, 2006.
18.  Chaplygin Ye.A., Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metalevyh zagotivok metodom prytjagannja do induktora [Method of magnetic-pulse working of metallic billets by attraction to inductor]. Patent UA, no.31751, 2008.
19.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Smirnov D.O. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv odnovytkovym cylindrychnym induktorom, rozdilenym na dvi gilky [Method of magnetic pulse attraction of metal objects by two-wind cylindrical inductor divided into two branches]. Patent UA, no.54753, 2010.
20.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Argun Sch.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv odnovytkovoju induktornoju systemoju z tonkym ekranom [Method of pulsed magnetic attraction of metal objects by single-turn inductor system with thin screen]. Patent UA, no.70055, 2012.
21.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Shigoleva S.A., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv dvovytkovoju krugovoju induktornoju systemoju z tonkym ekranom [The method of magnetic-pulse attraction of metal objects by double-turn circular inductor system with a thin screen]. Patent UA, no.70734, 2012.
22.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja tonkostinnyh lystovyh metaliv bagatovytkovoju krugovoju indukcijnoju induktornoju systemoju [The method of pulsed magnetic attraction of thin sheet metals by induction multiturn rotary inductor system]. Patent UA, no.92037, 2014.
23.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A, Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Bagatovytkova krugova indukcijna induktorna systema dlja magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja tonkostinnyh lystovyh metaliv [The multiturn rotary induction coil system for pulsed magnetic attraction of thin sheet metals]. Patent UA, no.92436, 2014.
24.  Batygіn Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygіn Ye.A., Trunova І.S., Gopko A.V., Sabokar O.S. Sposіb magnіtno-іmpul'snogo prityagannya metalevih zagotіvok odnovitkovim krugovim іnduktorom, roztashovanim nad dopomіzhnim ekranom [Method of the magnetic-pulse attraction metal workpeaces single-turn circular inductor located on the auxiliary screen]. Patent UA, no.77579, 2013.
25.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A, Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky poverhon' kuzovnyh elementiv [The method of magnetic pulsed processing surface body elements]. Patent UA, no.104509, 2015.
26.  Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu., Serikov G.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metalevyh zagotivok [Method of magnetic-pulse working of metallic billets]. Patent UA, no.31752, 2008.
27.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Serikov G.S., Drachenko S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv prjamokutnym induktorom, z dvoma rozrizamy [Method of magnetic pulse attraction of metal objects by rectangular inductor with two slots]. Patent UA, no.53968, 2010.
28.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shinderuk S.A., Shchigoleva S.A., Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh zagotivok induktornoju systemoju z dvoma prjamokutnymy vytkamy ta tonkym ekranom [The method of the magnetic pulsed attraction of the metallic billets by the inductor system with two rectangular turns and by the thin screen]. Patent UA, no.78243, 2013.
29.  Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu., Gnatov A.V., Serikov G.S., Chaplygin Ye.A. Generator bagatorazovyh impul'siv strumu dlja magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metaliv [Generator of repeated current pulses for magnetic pulse working metals]. Patent UA, no.44933, 2009.
30.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gnatova Sh.V., Trunova I.S. Generator bagatokratnyh impul'siv strumu dlja obrobky metaliv tyskom impul'snogo magnitnogo polja [Generator of multiple pulses of current for metal forming by pulsed magnetic field pressure]. Patent UA, no.61417, 2011.
31.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Dzubenko A.A., Argun Sh.V., Drobinin A.M. Generator bagatorazovyh unipoljarnyh impul'siv strumu dlja magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metaliv [The generator of multiple unipolar current pulses for magnetic-pulse metal working]. Patent UA, no.73733, 2012.
32.  Batygin Yu.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Sabokar O.S. Peretvorjuvach energii' zarjadnogo konturu magnitno-impul'snoi' ustanovky [The energy transducer for the magnetic pulsed installation charging circuit]. Patent UA, no.110809, 2016.
33.  Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Argun Sh.V., Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Kompleks zovnishn'ogo magnitno-impul'snogo ryhtuvannja [The complex of the external magnetic pulsed straightening]. Patent UA, no.101413, 2015.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2018.3.06

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Copyright (c) 2018 Yu. V. Batygin, E. A. Chaplygin, S. A. Shinderuk, V. A. Strelnikova


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