THE MAIN INVENTIONS FOR TECHNOLOGIES OF THE MAGNETIC-PULSED ATTRACTION OF THE SHEET METALS. A BRIEF REVIEW

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2018.3.06

Keywords:

magnetic-pulse metal working, electromagnetic forming, electromagnetic attractive forces, ferromagnetic materials, non-magnetic metals, low frequency discharges

Abstract

Purpose. The description of the Equipment for the Magnetic-Pulsed Attraction (or EMF-attraction) of the sheet metals which allows non-contact deforming of ferromagnetics (the low carbon steels, for example), the non-magnetic billets from aluminium alloys and the practical realization of the new advanced technologies in the modern processing manufacture. Methodology. Comparative analysis of characteristics and operating conditions of the systems under consideration. Results. Physically, all magnetic-pulsed methods of attraction are based on the Lorentz repelling forces decreasing and on increasing the attracting forces when the sheet billets being deformed are transparent for the low working frequency acting electromagnetic fields. The ferromagnetic samples attraction is caused by their magnetic properties. For the non-magnetic metals attraction an accessory conducting screen is being introduced in construction of the inductor system which is the method tool. In this case the attraction effect is caused by the force interaction of the unidirectional currents induced in the screen and in sheet billet. The different constructions of the attracting tools attended for fulfilling the different production operations (for example, it can be stamping, flattening etc.) with metals owning by different electrophysical properties are represented. Originality. The novelties in the magnetic pulsed installations used as the power sources in the complex equipment for the automobile bodies repair are given. Practical value. The practical application of the elaborated systems for the dents removing in the sheet metals are suggested and successfully approbated. In the whole these works can be considered as new scientific direction and used for different manufacturing aims though the main attention is paid to the practical application in the field of the automobile bodies repair. The most part of the described inventions is defended by the Ukrainian Patents (23 from total quantity – 33 References) and little known to the west specialists in the area of the magnetic pulsed technologies. From the authors view point this is a main particularity and usefulness of the present paper.

References

1. Psyk V., Risch D., Kinsey B.L., Tekkaya A.E., Kleiner M.Electromagnetic forming – A review. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2011, vol.211, no.5, pp.787-829.doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2010.12.012.

2. Furth H. et al. Devices for metal-forming by magnetic tension. US Patent, no.3,196,649, 1965.

3. Karl A. Hansen, Iver Glen Hendrickson. Electromagnetic dent puller. US Patent, no.3,998,081, 1976.

4. I. Glen Hendrickson, Karl A. Hansen. Electromagnetic dent remover with tapped work coil. US Patent, no.4,986,102, 1991.

5. Peter B. Zieve. Power supply for electromagnetic proof load tester and dent remover. US Patent, no.5,046,345, 1991.

6. Available at: http://www.electroimpact.com (accessed 15 January 2018).

7. Available at: http://www.fluxtronic.com (accessed 15 January 2018).

8. Shneerson G.A. Polya i perehodnye processy v apparature sverhsilnyh tokov [Fields and transients in equipment superstrong currents]. Leningrad, Energoizdat Publ., 1981. 200 p. (Rus).

9. Batygin Yu.V., Lavinsky V.I., Khimenko L.T. Direction Change of the Force Action upon Conductor under Frequency Variation of the Acting magnetic Field. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on High Speed Metal Forming. March 31/April 1, 2004. Dortmund, Germany, pp. 157-160.

10. Batygin Yu.V., Lavinskiy V.I. Khavin V.L., Khimenko L.T. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotovok [Method of magnetic-pulse working of thin-walled metallic billets]. Patent UA, no.75676, 2006.

11. Meichtry R., Kouba I. International Patent Application, no.2006119661, 2006.

12. Meichtry R., Basler B., Kouba I. International Patent Application, no.20160044748, 2016.

13. Available at: http://www.betaginnovation.com (accessed 15 January 2018).

14. Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Smirnov D.O., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shchigoleva S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotivok z vykorystannjam uzgodzhuval'nogo prystroju [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of thin-walled metal billets with using a matching device]. Patent UA, no.69467, 2013.

15. Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky tonkostinnyh metalevyh zagotovok [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of thin-walled metal billets]. Patent UA, no.68745, 2011.

16. Argun Sh.V., Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Trunova I.S., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shchigoleva S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv sumishhenym dyskovym pogodzhuval'nym prystrojem z dempfernoju konstrukcijeju [The method of magnetic pulsed processing of the metal objects by integrated matching disk device with a damping construction]. Patent UA, no.75790, 2012.

17. Batygin Yu.V., Lavіns'kij V.І., Khavіn V.L. Sposіb magnіtno-іmpul'snoyi obrobki tonkostіnnih metalevih zagotovok [Method of the magnetic-pulse processing thin metal work pieces]. Patent UA, no.74909, 2006.

18. Chaplygin Ye.A., Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metalevyh zagotivok metodom prytjagannja do induktora [Method of magnetic-pulse working of metallic billets by attraction to inductor]. Patent UA, no.31751, 2008.

19. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Smirnov D.O. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv odnovytkovym cylindrychnym induktorom, rozdilenym na dvi gilky [Method of magnetic pulse attraction of metal objects by two-wind cylindrical inductor divided into two branches]. Patent UA, no.54753, 2010.

20. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Argun Sch.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv odnovytkovoju induktornoju systemoju z tonkym ekranom [Method of pulsed magnetic attraction of metal objects by single-turn inductor system with thin screen]. Patent UA, no.70055, 2012.

21. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Shigoleva S.A., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv dvovytkovoju krugovoju induktornoju systemoju z tonkym ekranom [The method of magnetic-pulse attraction of metal objects by double-turn circular inductor system with a thin screen]. Patent UA, no.70734, 2012.

22. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja tonkostinnyh lystovyh metaliv bagatovytkovoju krugovoju indukcijnoju induktornoju systemoju [The method of pulsed magnetic attraction of thin sheet metals by induction multiturn rotary inductor system]. Patent UA, no.92037, 2014.

23. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A, Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Bagatovytkova krugova indukcijna induktorna systema dlja magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja tonkostinnyh lystovyh metaliv [The multiturn rotary induction coil system for pulsed magnetic attraction of thin sheet metals]. Patent UA, no.92436, 2014.

24. Batygіn Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygіn Ye.A., Trunova І.S., Gopko A.V., Sabokar O.S. Sposіb magnіtno-іmpul'snogo prityagannya metalevih zagotіvok odnovitkovim krugovim іnduktorom, roztashovanim nad dopomіzhnim ekranom [Method of the magnetic-pulse attraction metal workpeaces single-turn circular inductor located on the auxiliary screen]. Patent UA, no.77579, 2013.

25. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A, Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky poverhon' kuzovnyh elementiv [The method of magnetic pulsed processing surface body elements]. Patent UA, no.104509, 2015.

26. Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu., Serikov G.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metalevyh zagotivok [Method of magnetic-pulse working of metallic billets]. Patent UA, no.31752, 2008.

27. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Serikov G.S., Drachenko S.A. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh ob’jektiv prjamokutnym induktorom, z dvoma rozrizamy [Method of magnetic pulse attraction of metal objects by rectangular inductor with two slots]. Patent UA, no.53968, 2010.

28. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Shinderuk S.A., Shchigoleva S.A., Sabokar O.S. Sposib magnitno-impul'snogo prytjagannja metalevyh zagotivok induktornoju systemoju z dvoma prjamokutnymy vytkamy ta tonkym ekranom [The method of the magnetic pulsed attraction of the metallic billets by the inductor system with two rectangular turns and by the thin screen]. Patent UA, no.78243, 2013.

29. Batygin Yu.V., Bondarenko A.Yu., Gnatov A.V., Serikov G.S., Chaplygin Ye.A. Generator bagatorazovyh impul'siv strumu dlja magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metaliv [Generator of repeated current pulses for magnetic pulse working metals]. Patent UA, no.44933, 2009.

30. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gnatova Sh.V., Trunova I.S. Generator bagatokratnyh impul'siv strumu dlja obrobky metaliv tyskom impul'snogo magnitnogo polja [Generator of multiple pulses of current for metal forming by pulsed magnetic field pressure]. Patent UA, no.61417, 2011.

31. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Dzubenko A.A., Argun Sh.V., Drobinin A.M. Generator bagatorazovyh unipoljarnyh impul'siv strumu dlja magnitno-impul'snoi' obrobky metaliv [The generator of multiple unipolar current pulses for magnetic-pulse metal working]. Patent UA, no.73733, 2012.

32. Batygin Yu.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Sabokar O.S. Peretvorjuvach energii' zarjadnogo konturu magnitno-impul'snoi' ustanovky [The energy transducer for the magnetic pulsed installation charging circuit]. Patent UA, no.110809, 2016.

33. Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Argun Sh.V., Shinderuk S.A., Sabokar O.S. Kompleks zovnishn'ogo magnitno-impul'snogo ryhtuvannja [The complex of the external magnetic pulsed straightening]. Patent UA, no.101413, 2015.

Downloads

Published

2018-06-07

How to Cite

Batygin, Y. V., Chaplygin, E. A., Shinderuk, S. A., & Strelnikova, V. A. (2018). THE MAIN INVENTIONS FOR TECHNOLOGIES OF THE MAGNETIC-PULSED ATTRACTION OF THE SHEET METALS. A BRIEF REVIEW. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (3), 43–52. https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2018.3.06

Issue

Section

Engineering Electrophysics. High Electric and Magnetic Field Engineering

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>