INVESTIGATION OF A LINEAR PULSE-INDUCTION ELECTROMECHANICAL CONVERTER WITH DIFFERENT INDUCTOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUITS
Keywords:linear pulse-induction electromechanical converters, circuit mathematical model, recurrence relations, inductor feed circuits, capacitive energy storage, chain mathematical model, current excitation pulse of inductor
AbstractPurpose. The goal of the paper is to investigate the influence of the power circuits of the linear pulse-induction electromechanical converters (LPIEC), which form the current pulse of excitation of the inductor from the capacitive energy storage (CES), to its electromechanical parameters. Methodology. A circuit mathematical model of LPIEC was developed, on the basis of which recurrence relations were obtained for calculating the interrelated electromagnetic, mechanical, and thermal parameters of the LPIEC. This model makes it possible to calculate the LPIEC parameters for various power circuits, the inductor of which is excited by the CES. Results. It is established that electromechanical LPEC parameters with power circuit forming an aperiodic current excitation pulse of an inductor are better than in LPIEC with excitation of an inductor by an unipolar current pulse, but worse than in LPIEC with excitation of an inductor by a vibrationally damped current pulse. In this converter, during operation, the inductor is heated most, and the armature is heated least. It is established that in LPIEC with power circuit that forms an aperiodic current pulse of excitation of an inductor with the connection of an additional CES, all electromechanical parameters are higher in comparison with the LPIEC with a power circuit that forms a vibrationally damped current excitation pulse of the inductor. However, in this LPIEC the excess of the temperatures of the active elements increases, especially strongly in the inductor, and the efficiency of the converter decreases. Originality. For the first time, the LPIEC has been investigated using the power circuit that forms an aperiodic current pulse of excitation of an inductor with the connection of an additional CES. It is established that in this LPIEC all electromechanical parameters are higher than for LPIEC with power circuits forming an unipolar or oscillating-damped current excitation pulse of the inductor. Practical value. In the LPIEC with power circuit that forms an aperiodic current pulse of excitation of the inductor with the connection of an additional CES, the electromechanical LPIEC parameters increase. This increases the temperature rise of the inductor, and the temperature rise of the armature decreases. The effectiveness of this LPIEC is also reduced.
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