DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2017.6.08

ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ ВЫСОКОВОЛЬТНЫХ ДЕЛИТЕЛЕЙ НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ ДЛЯ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ ПОКАЗАТЕЛЕЙ КАЧЕСТВА ЭЛЕКТРОЭНЕРГИИ

Y. L. Anokhin, V. O. Brzhezitsky, Ya. O. Haran, I. M. Masliuchenko, O. P. Protsenko, Ye. O. Trotsenko

Анотація


Цель. Анализ выполнимости требований международного стандарта IEC 61000-4-30 при измерениях показателей качества электроэнергии в высоковольтных электрических сетях с использованием различных типов высоковольтных масштабных преобразователей напряжения. Методика. Сравнение требований стандарта IEC 61000-4-30 к высоковольтным масштабным преобразователям напряжения, при измерении показателей качества электроэнергии, с характеристиками электромагнитных трансформаторов высокого напряжения, применяемых в Украине, и с перспективными разработками масштабных преобразователей высокого напряжения других типов. Результаты. Показано, что для выполнения части требований по классу А IEC 61000-4-30 характеристики электромагнитных трансформаторов напряжения должны быть определены в условиях подстанции с помощью мобильных поверочных высоковольтных лабораторий. Для выполнения всех требований по классу А IEC 61000-4-30 рекомендуется использование высоковольтных широкополосных делителей напряжения емкостно-омического типа. Научная новизна. Впервые показано, что все требования стандарта IEC 61000-4-30 к высоковольтным масштабным преобразователям напряжения могут быть выполнены на основе использования широкополосных емкостно-омических демпфированных делителей напряжения. Практическая значимость. Представлены экспозиции конкретных типов емкостно-омических делителей высокого напряжения, их параметры, подтвержденные результатами государственной метрологической аттестации.

Ключові слова


показатели качества электроэнергии; высокое напряжение; электромагнитные трансформаторы; делители напряжения

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Посилання


1. GOST 13109-97. Elektricheskaya energiya. Sovmestimost' tehnicheskih sredstv elektromagnitnaya. Normy kachestva elektricheskoi energii v sistemah elektrosnabzheniya obschego naznacheniya [State Standard 13109-97. Electric Energy. Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. Power quality limits to general purpose power systems]. Moscow, IPK Publishing house of standards Publ., 1999. 35 p. (Rus).

2. DSTU IEC 61000-4-30:2010. Elektromahnitna sumisnist'. Chastyna 4-30. Metody vyprobuvannya ta vymiryuvannya. Vymiryuvannya pokaznykiv yakosti elektroenerhiyi [State Standard DSTU IEC 61000-4-30:2010. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 4-30. Testing and measurement techniques. Power quality measurement methods]. Kyiv, DP «UkrNDNC» Publ., 2016. 49 p. (Ukr).

3. DSTU EN 50160:2014. Kharakterystyky napruhy elektropostachannya v elektrychnykh merezhakh zahal'noyi pryznachenosti [State Standard DSTU EN 50160:2014. Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public electricity networks]. Kyiv, Ministry of Economic Development of Ukraine Publ., 2014. 27 p. (Ukr).

4. GOST 32144-2013. Elektricheskaia energiia. Sovmestimost' tekhnicheskikh sredstv elektromagnitnaia. Normy kachestva elektricheskoi energii v sistemakh elektrosnabzheniia obshchego naznacheniia [State Standard 32144-2013. Electric Energy. Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. Power quality limits to general purpose power systems]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2014. 16 p. (Rus).

5. ELSPEC LTD. G4K. Fixed Power Quality Analyzer. User & Installation Guide. 2013. Available at: http://elspec-ltd.com/download/g4400-user-guide/ (accessed 26 August 2017).

6. IEC 61000-4-30:2015. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 4-30. Testing and measurement techniques. Power quality measurement methods.

7. Muscas C. Power quality monitoring in modern electric distribution systems. IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine, 2010, vol.13, no.5, pp. 19-27. doi: 10.1109/MIM.2010.5585070.

8. Pawelek R., Wasiak I. Comparative measurements of voltage harmonics in transmission grid of 400 kV. 16th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power (ICHQP), 2014, pp. 606-610. doi: 10.1109/ICHQP.2014.6842763.

9. Blajszczak G. Resistive voltage divider for higher harmonics measurement in 400 kV network. 11th International Conference on Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation, 2011, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.1109/EPQU.2011.6128953.

10. Harada T., Wakimoto T., Sato S., Saeki M. Development of Japan's national standard class 500 kV lightning impulse voltage divider. IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting. Conference Proceedings (Cat. No.00CH37077), 2000, vol.3, pp. 1564-1568. doi: 10.1109/PESW.2000.847575.

11. Prochazka R., Hlavacek J., Knenicky M., Mahmoud R. Determination of frequency characteristics of high voltage dividers in frequency domain. 17th International Scientific Conference on Electric Power Engineering (EPE), 2016, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.1109/EPE.2016.7521821.

12. GOST 1516.3. Elektrooborudovanie peremennogo toka na napriazheniia ot 1 do 750 kV. Trebovaniia k elektricheskoi prochnosti izoliatsii [State Standard 1516.3. Electrical equipment of alternating current for voltage from 1 to 750 kV. Requirements for dielectric strength of insulation]. Moscow, IPK Publishing house of standards Publ., 1998. 50 p. (Rus).

13. Brzhezytskyi V.O., Brzhezytskyi V.V., Isaiev V.V., Kikalo V.M., Lapchenko A.M., Masliuchenko I.M., Trotsenko Ye.O. Mobile verification laboratory of voltage classes 0.22 ... 110 kV. Metrolohichne zabezpechennya obliku elektrychnoyi enerhiyi: Mater. 6-yi nauk.-prakt. konf. [Materials of the 6th Scientific and Technical Conference «Metrological maintenance of electric energy accounting»]. Kyiv, AVEGA Publ., 2007, pp. 202-204. (Ukr).

14. Bolotin I.B., Eidel L.Z. Izmereniia v perekhodnykh rezhimakh korotkogo zamykaniia [Measurements in transient short-circuit conditions]. Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1981. 192 p. (Rus).

15. Atarod S., Brzhezytskyi V.O., Garan Ya.O., Masliuchenko I.M., Anokhin Yu.L. Characteristics of high voltage dividers designed for power quality measurement. Scientific Works of National University of Food Technologies, 2013, no.51, pp. 91-102. (Ukr).

16. Brzhezytskyi V.O., Desiatov O.M., Masliuchenko I.M., Yatsenko I.S. Frequency characteristics due to the nonidentical R, C-elements of the high voltage divider for measuring power quality. Scientific Works of National University of Food Technologies, 2017, vol.23, no.1, pp. 158-172. (Ukr).

17. Atarod S. Udoskonalennya vysokovol'tnykh podil'nykiv postiynoyi ta zminnoyi napruhy (chastoty 50 Hts) Diss. cand. techn. nauk [Improvement of high-voltage dividers direct and alternating voltage (frequency 50 Hz). Cand. tech. sci. diss.]. Kyiv, 2014. 134 p. (Rus).


Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ


1.     GOST 13109-97. Elektricheskaya energiya. Sovmestimost' tehnicheskih sredstv elektromagnitnaya. Normy kachestva elektricheskoi energii v sistemah elektrosnabzheniya obschego naznacheniya [State Standard 13109-97. Electric Energy. Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. Power quality limits to general purpose power systems]. Moscow, IPK Publishing house of standards Publ., 1999. 35 p. (Rus).
2.     DSTU IEC 61000-4-30:2010. Elektromahnitna sumisnist'. Chastyna 4-30. Metody vyprobuvannya ta vymiryuvannya. Vymiryuvannya pokaznykiv yakosti elektroenerhiyi [State Standard DSTU IEC 61000-4-30:2010. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 4-30. Testing and measurement techniques. Power quality measurement methods]. Kyiv, DP «UkrNDNC» Publ., 2016. 49 p. (Ukr).
3.     DSTU EN 50160:2014. Kharakterystyky napruhy elektropostachannya v elektrychnykh merezhakh zahal'noyi pryznachenosti [State Standard DSTU EN 50160:2014. Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public electricity networks]. Kyiv, Ministry of Economic Development of Ukraine Publ., 2014. 27 p. (Ukr).
4.     GOST 32144-2013. Elektricheskaia energiia. Sovmestimost' tekhnicheskikh sredstv elektromagnitnaia. Normy kachestva elektricheskoi energii v sistemakh elektrosnabzheniia obshchego naznacheniia [State Standard 32144-2013. Electric Energy. Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. Power quality limits to general purpose power systems]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2014. 16 p. (Rus).
5.     ELSPEC LTD. G4K. Fixed Power Quality Analyzer. User & Installation Guide. 2013. Available at: http://elspec-ltd.com/download/g4400-user-guide/ (accessed 26 August 2017).
6.     IEC 61000-4-30:2015. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 4-30. Testing and measurement techniques. Power quality measurement methods.
7.     Muscas C. Power quality monitoring in modern electric distribution systems. IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine, 2010, vol.13, no.5, pp. 19-27. doi: 10.1109/MIM.2010.5585070.
8.     Pawelek R., Wasiak I. Comparative measurements of voltage harmonics in transmission grid of 400 kV. 16th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power (ICHQP), 2014, pp. 606-610. doi: 10.1109/ICHQP.2014.6842763.
9.     Blajszczak G. Resistive voltage divider for higher harmonics measurement in 400 kV network. 11th International Conference on Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation, 2011, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.1109/EPQU.2011.6128953.
10.  Harada T., Wakimoto T., Sato S., Saeki M. Development of Japan's national standard class 500 kV lightning impulse voltage divider. IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting. Conference Proceedings (Cat. No.00CH37077), 2000, vol.3, pp. 1564-1568. doi: 10.1109/PESW.2000.847575.
11.  Prochazka R., Hlavacek J., Knenicky M., Mahmoud R. Determination of frequency characteristics of high voltage dividers in frequency domain. 17th International Scientific Conference on Electric Power Engineering (EPE), 2016, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.1109/EPE.2016.7521821.
12.  GOST 1516.3. Elektrooborudovanie peremennogo toka na napriazheniia ot 1 do 750 kV. Trebovaniia k elektricheskoi prochnosti izoliatsii [State Standard 1516.3. Electrical equipment of alternating current for voltage from 1 to 750 kV. Requirements for dielectric strength of insulation]. Moscow, IPK Publishing house of standards Publ., 1998. 50 p. (Rus).
13.  Brzhezytskyi V.O., Brzhezytskyi V.V., Isaiev V.V., Kikalo V.M., Lapchenko A.M., Masliuchenko I.M., Trotsenko Ye.O. Mobile verification laboratory of voltage classes 0.22 ... 110 kV. Metrolohichne zabezpechennya obliku elektrychnoyi enerhiyi: Mater. 6-yi nauk.-prakt. konf. [Materials of the 6th Scientific and Technical Conference «Metrological maintenance of electric energy accounting»]. Kyiv, AVEGA Publ., 2007, pp. 202-204. (Ukr).
14.  Bolotin I.B., Eidel L.Z. Izmereniia v perekhodnykh rezhimakh korotkogo zamykaniia [Measurements in transient short-circuit conditions]. Leningrad, Energiya Publ., 1981. 192 p. (Rus).
15.  Atarod S., Brzhezytskyi V.O., Garan Ya.O., Masliuchenko I.M., Anokhin Yu.L. Characteristics of high voltage dividers designed for power quality measurement. Scientific Works of National University of Food Technologies, 2013, no.51, pp. 91-102. (Ukr).
16.  Brzhezytskyi V.O., Desiatov O.M., Masliuchenko I.M., Yatsenko I.S. Frequency characteristics due to the nonidentical R, C-elements of the high voltage divider for measuring power quality. Scientific Works of National University of Food Technologies, 2017, vol.23, no.1, pp. 158-172. (Ukr).
17.  Atarod S. Udoskonalennya vysokovol'tnykh podil'nykiv postiynoyi ta zminnoyi napruhy (chastoty 50 Hts) Diss. cand. techn. nauk [Improvement of high-voltage dividers direct and alternating voltage (frequency 50 Hz). Cand. tech. sci. diss.]. Kyiv, 2014. 134 p. (Rus).




Copyright (c) 2017 Y. L. Anokhin, V. O. Brzhezitsky, Ya. O. Haran, I. M. Masliuchenko, O. P. Protsenko, Ye. O. Trotsenko


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