• George G. Zhemerov National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute", Ukraine
  • D. V. Tugay O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine



energy supply system, reactive power, power of additional losses, the minimum possible losses, Matlab-model of three-phase energy supply system


Purpose. The contradictions in the use of the term «reactive power» require justification by clarifying its physical meaning. The aim of the paper is to reveal the physical meaning of the term «reactive power» applied to three-phase three-wire and four-wire energy supply systems. Methodology. We have applied the modern theory of instantaneous active and reactive power, the graphical filling complex branched energy supply system of simplified design scheme, the theory of electrical circuits, computer Matlab-simulation. Results. We have provided answers to six basic questions that reveal the physical meaning and definition of the concept of «reactive power». We have justified the assumptions suggesting a universal calculation formula to determine the relative total power loss in the three-phase energy supply system as the sum of four components caused by: a minimal losses, reactive power, active power pulsations and instantaneous current flow in the neutral wire. Originality. We have developed the definition that reveals the physical meaning of the term «reactive power» for three-phase energy supply systems corresponding to modern theories of instantaneous active and reactive power. Practical value. We have proposed energy efficiency method ideas of energy supply systems with non-linear load based on the additional components of the power losses calculation. The further development of the method will allow to amend the design, selection and operation of the power active filters practices.

Author Biographies

George G. Zhemerov, National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"

д.т.н., профессор, кафедра "Промышленная и биомедицинская электроника"

D. V. Tugay, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv

12, Revolution Str., Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine


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How to Cite

Zhemerov, G. G., & Tugay, D. V. (2015). PHYSICAL MEANING OF THE «REACTIVE POWER» CONCEPT APPLIED TO THREE-PHASE ENERGY SUPPLY SYSTEMS WITH NON-LINEAR LOAD. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (6), 36–42.



Electrotechnical complexes and Systems