MILITARY AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF ONE OF THE PROBLEMS OF THE MODERN POWER INDUSTRY

Vladimir I. Gurevich

Анотація


Проблема преднамеренных дистанционных деструктивных воздействий (ПДДВ)   на энергетические системы становится в последнее время все более и более актуальной в связи с двумя современными тенденциями: расширением использования микроэлектроники и устройств на основе микропроцессоров в электроэнергетике - с одной стороны, и успехами, достигнутыми в разработке специальных видов оружия, предназначенных для дистанционного поражения электронных устройств -  с другой. Самый мощный метод дистанционного поражения электроники – электромагнитный импульс высотного ядерного взрыва (ЭМИ ЯВ). История экспериментальных высотных ядерных взрывов насчитывает половину столетия. За это время было опубликовано множество научных статей, книг, отчетов, подробно описывающих все детали этого процесса и меры защиты от него. В связи с этим, можно было бы предположить, что проблема защиты от ЭМИ ЯВ была за эти десятилетия успешно решена и современные электроэнергетические системы хорошо защищены от этого явления. Однако, исследование, выполненное автором, показывает, что ни в одной стране мира до сих пор не были предприняты никакие практические меры защиты национальных инфраструктур от ЭМИ ЯВ и все действия были ограничены только докладами, отчетами, рекомендациями. В данной статье проанализированы причины такой ситуации (в частности, политические и военные аспекты проблемы).

Ключові слова


электромагнитный импульс высотного ядерного взрыва; преднамеренные деструктивные электромагнитные воздействия; энергосистема; национальная инфраструктура

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Посилання


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2015.5.10

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