AN ANTHOLOGY OF THE DISTINGUISHED ACHIEVEMENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNIQUE. PART 33: ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND PROTECTION FROM ACTION OF POWERFUL ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE OF RADIOELECTRONIC, ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRIC POWER EQUIPMENT

Authors

  • M. I. Baranov Scientific-&-Research Planning-&-Design Institute «Molniya» National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute», Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2016.4.01

Keywords:

electromagnetic compatibility, equipment, powerful electromagnetic interference, protection of equipment from electromagnetic interference, protective devices, review

Abstract

Purpose. Implementation of brief analytical review of basic scientific and technical achievements in area of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and protection from destabilizing and striking action of powerful electromagnetic interference (PEMI) of natural and artificial origin of radioelectronic, electrical engineering and electric power equipment. Methodology. Scientific methods of collection, analysis and analytical treatment of scientific and technical information in a sphere EMC and such areas of knowledge’s as radioelectronics, electrical engineering and electric power engineering. Results. A brief scientific and technical review is resulted modern positions problems EMC and protection of equipment from action on them PEMI. It is shown that PEMI can result in failures in-process and death of examined equipment. Annual harm in the industrially developed countries of the world from the striking affecting of PEMI modern equipment with integral microcircuits and semiconductor devices can make ten of milliards of USD. The basic methods of protection of equipment are resulted from PEMI and protective devices (PD), intended for the increase of effectiveness of modern equipment to the action of external PEMI. Principles of work of the resulted PD and their basic technical descriptions are described. Originality. On the basis of materials of scientific monographs, journal publications, normative documents and internet-reports systematization of basic PD, in-use presently in an area EMC and protection of different equipment from the hazard agency of external PEMI is executed. Practical value. Popularization of scientific and technical knowledge’s in an area EMC and protection of modern equipment from a dangerous action on them PEMI. Formulation of important for society scientific and technical problems and tasks, arising up in an area EMC and providing of the reliable functioning of modern equipment in power electromagnetic interference.

Author Biography

M. I. Baranov, Scientific-&-Research Planning-&-Design Institute «Molniya» National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»

Doctor of Technical Science, Chief Researcher

References

1. Khabiger E. Elektromagnitnaia sovmestimost'. Osnovy ee obespecheniia v tekhnike [Electromagnetic compatibility. Fundamentals of its maintenance technique]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1995. 304 p. (Rus).

2. Dyakov A.F., Maksimov B.K., Borisov R.K. Elektromagnitnaya sovmestimost' v elektroenergetike i elektrotekhnike [Electromagnetic compatibility in power engineering and electrical engineering]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 2003. 768 p. (Rus).

3. Dyakov A.F., Kuzhekin I.P., Maksimov B.K., Temnikov A.G. Elektromahnitnaya sovmestimost' i molniezashchita v elektroenergetike [Electromagnetic compatibility and lightning protection in the power]. Moscow, MEI Publishing House, 2009. 455 p. (Rus).

4. Ricketts L.U., Bridges J.E., Mayletta J. Elektromahnitnij impul's i metody zashchity [Electromagnetic pulse and methods of protection]. Moscow, Atomizdat Publ., 1979. 328 p. (Rus).

5. Kravchenko V.I., Bolotov E.A., Letunova N.I. Radioelektronnye sredstva i moshchnye elektromahnitnye pomehi [Radioelectronic means and powerful electromagnetic hindrances]. Moscow, Radio and Communications Publ., 1987. 256 p. (Rus).

6. Myrova L.O., Chepizhenko A.Z. Obespechenie stojkosti apparatury svyazi k ionyzyruyushchim i elektromahnytnim izlucheniyam [Ensuring stability of communications equipment to the ionizing and electromagnetic of radiations]. Moscow, Radio and Communications Publ., 1988. 296 p. (Rus).

7. Kravchenko V.I. Hrozozashchita radioelektronnyh sredstv [Lightning protection of radioelectronic facilities]. Moscow, Radio and Communications Publ., 1991. 264 p. (Rus).

8. Baranov M.I. Izbrannye voprosy elektrofiziki. Tom 2, Kn. 2: Teoriia elektrofizicheskikh effektov i zadach [Selected topics of Electrophysics. Vol.2, Book 2. A theory of electrophysical effects and tasks]. Kharkiv, NTU «KhPІ» Publ., 2010. 407 p. (Rus).

9. GOST 1516.2-97. Elektrooborudovanie i elektroustanovki peremennogo toka na napriazhenie 3 kV i vyshe. Obshchie metody ispytanii elektricheskoi prochnosti izoliatsii [GOST 1516.2-97. Electrical equipment and electrical options of alternating current voltage 3 kV and above. Common test methods for dielectric strength]. Minsk, Publishing house of standards, 1998. 31 p. (Rus).

10. GOST 30585-98. Stoikost' k vozdeistviiu grozovykh razriadov. Tekhnicheskie trebovaniia i metody ispytanii [GOST 30585-98. Resistance to lightning. Technical requirements and test methods]. Kiev, State Standard of Ukraine Publ., 1998. 27 p. (Rus).

11. GOST R 50746-2000. Sovmestimost' tekhnicheskikh sredstv elektromagnitnaia. Tekhnicheskie sredstva dlia atomnykh stantsii. Trebovaniia i metody ispytanii [GOST R 50746-2000. Compatibility of technical equipment. Technical equipment for nuclear power plants. Requirements and test methods]. Moscow, Publishing House of Standards, 2001. 42 p. (Rus).

12. IEC 61000-4-32. Part 4-32. Testing and measurement techniques-High-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) simulator compendium. Geneva, IEC Publ., 2002. 108 p.

13. IEC 62305-1: 2010 «Protection against lightning. Part 1: General principles». Geneva, IEC Publ., 2010. 56 p.

14. GOST R MEK 62305-1-2010. Menedzhment riska. Zashhita ot molnii. Chast' 1: Obshhie principy [GOST R IEC 62305-1-2010. Risk management. Protection from lightning. Part 1: General principles]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2011, 46 p. (Rus).

15. Brzhezitskiy V.A., Іsakova A.V., Rudakov V.V. Tekhnika i elektrofizyka vysokykh napruh [Technics and Electrophysics of High Voltages]. Kharkov, Tornado Publ., 2005. 930 p. (Ukr).

16. Kozlov D.A., Kuzhekin I.P., Hribar J. Testing objects for resistance to lightning currents. Technologies of electromagnetic compatibility, 2004, no.2(9), pp. 35-39. (Rus).

17. DSTU 2793-94. Sumisnist tekhnichnykh zasobiv elektromahnitna. Stiikist do potuzhnykh elektromahnitnykh zavad. Zahalni polozhennia [DSTU 2793-94. Electromagnetic compatibility of hardware. Stability to the powerful electromagnetic hindrances. General principles]. Kiev, State Standard of Ukraine Publ., 1994. 24 p. (Ukr).

18. Suhorukov S.A. Pomehozashhitnye ustrojstva ZAO "EMSOTEH" [Hindrance protective devices of CCA "EMSOTEH"]. Kaluga, 2014. 72 p. (Rus).

19. Kravchenko V.I. Weapon on non-traditional physical principles: Electromagnetic weapon. Kharkov, NTMT Publ., 2009. 266 p. (Rus).

20. Baranov M.I. Key indicators thermo protection in high-voltage capacitors charge-discharge circuit powerful capacitive energy storage of emergency overcurrent. Bulletin of NTU «KhPІ», 2014, no.50(1092), pp.20-27. (Rus).

21. Baranov M.I., Rudakov S.V. Development of new charts of capacitance-resistance defense of high-voltage capacitors of powerful capacity stores of energy from emergency currents. Electrical engineering & electromechanics, 2015, no.6, pp. 47-52. (Rus). doi: 10.20998/2074-272x.2015.6.08.

22. Shapiro D.N. Osnovy teorii elektromahnitnogo ekranirovaniya [Basic theory of electromagnetic screening]. Leningrad, Energy Publ., 1975. 112 p. (Rus).

23. Apollonsky S.M. Raschet elektromagnitnyh ekraniruyushchih obolochek [Calculation of electromagnetic shielding of shells]. Leningrad, Energoizdat Publ., 1982. 144 p. (Rus).

24. Vance E.F. Vliyanie elektromagnitnyh polej na ekranirovannye kabeli [The impact of electromagnetic fields on the shielded cables]. Moscow, Radio and Communications Publ., 1982. 120 p. (Rus).

25. Ryabkova E.Y. Zazemleniya v ustanovkah vysokogo napryazheniya [Grounding installations high voltage]. Moscow, Energy Publ., 1978. 224 p. (Rus).

26. SOU 31.2-21677681-19:2009. Viprobuvannya ta kontrol' prystroyiv zazemlennya elektroustanovok. Tipova іnstruktsіya. [SOU 31.2-21677681-19:2009. Test and control devices, electrical grounding. Standard instruction]. Kyiv, Mіnenergovugіllya Ukrayiny Publ., 2010. 54 p. (Ukr).

27. Pravila ulashtuvannya elektroustanovok. Rozdil 1. Zagal'nі pravila. Glava 1.7. Zazemlennya і zakhisnі zakhodi vіd urazhennya elektrichnim strumom [Rules of the device electroinstallations. Chapter 1. General rules. Grounding and protective measures against electric shock]. Kyiv, Mіnenergovugіllya Ukrayiny Publ., 2011. 72 p. (Ukr).

28. Koliushko G.M., Koliushko D.G., Rudenko S.S. On the problem of increasing computation accuracy for rated parameters of active electrical installation ground grids. Electrical engineering & electromechanics, 2014, no.4, pp. 65-70. (Rus). doi: 10.20998/2074-272x.2014.4.13.

29. Kostruba S.I. Izmerenie elektricheskih parametrov zemli i zazemlyayushchih ustrojstv [Measurement of electrical parameters of the earth and grounding device]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1983. 168 p. (Rus).

30. Burgsdorf V.V., Jacobs A.I. Zazemlyayushchie ustrojstva elektroustanovok [Earthing devices of electric options]. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ., 1987. 400 p. (Rus).

31. Borisov R.K., Koliushko G.M., Grimud G.I. Technique to study the ground grids of electric power facilities. Energy and Electrification, 2000, no.4, pp. 29-32. (Rus).

32. GOST R 54149-2010. Normy kachestva elektricheskoi energii v sistemakh elektrosnabzheniia obshchego naznacheniia [GOST R 54149-2010. Norms of quality of electric energy in power systems for general purposes]. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2010. 52 p. (Rus).

33. Baranov M.I., Koliushko G.M., Kravchenko V.I. A switching aperiodic superhigh-voltage pulse generator for testing the electric strength of insulation of technical objects. Instruments and Experimental Technique, 2013, vol.56, no.6, pp. 653-658. doi: 10.1134/s0020441213050126.

34. IEC 62305-4: 2010 «Protection against lightning.− Part 4: Electrical and electronic systems within structures». Geneva, IEC Publ., 2010. 59 p.

35. Available at: http://www.schrack-technik.ru/shop/grozozashchitnye-razrjadniki-razrjadniki-dlja-zashchity-ot-perenaprjazhenija-i-zazemlenie.html (accessed 21 May 2015). (Rus).

36. Available at: http://www.plasmalabs.ru/files/products/sverhmoshchnie.pdf (accessed 10 October 2015). (Rus).

37. Available at: http://newet.ru/catalog/pomekhozashchitnoe_oborudovanie_emsotekh (accessed 21 February 2014). (Rus).

38. Available at: http://electricalschool.info/main/elsnabg/220-primenenie-ogranichitelejj.html (accessed 28 September 2014). (Rus).

39. Dem’yanenko K.B., Titkov V.V. Comparison of the main technical characteristics of OPN in porcelain and polymer insulation of LLC "SEVZAPPROM". ELEKTRO. Electrical engineering, power industry, electrical industry, 2007, no.2. pp. 31-33. (Rus).

40. Shumilov Yu.N., Shumilov M.Yu., Taran V.N. Ganpantsurova S.Iu., Kovtun A.N., Tel'manova E.N., Nebogataia V.V., Zaderikhin A.A., Lenev D.N. Non-linear terminators of overvoltage 3-150 kV in polymer corps. Energetic and electrification, 2010, no.9, pp. 26-30. (Rus).

41. Available at: http://electric-tolk.ru/ogranichiteli-perenapryazhenij-zashhita-ot-molnii (accessed 23 July 2015). (Rus).

42. Available at: http://www.compitech.ru/html.cgi/arhiv/01_01/stat-32.htm (accessed 10 April 2015). (Rus).

43. Bol'shoj illjustrirovannyj slovar' inostrannyh slov [Large illustrated dictionary of foreign words]. Moscow, Russkie slovari Publ., 2004. 957 p. (Rus).

44. Komel'kov V.S. Tehnika bol'shih impul'snyh tokov i magnitnyh polej. [Technique large pulsed currents and magnetic fields]. Moscow, Atomizdat Publ., 1970. 472 p. (Rus).

45. Baranov M.I. Izbrannye voprosy elektrofiziki. Tom 3: Teorija i praktika elektrofizicheskih zadach [Selected topics of Electrophysics. Vol. 3: Theory and practice of electrophysics tasks]. Kharkiv, Tochka Publ., 2014. 400 p. (Rus).

46. Available at: http://www.musidora.ru/dimFiltrs.htm (accessed 21 May 2015). (Rus).

47. Available at: http://www.symmetron.ru/suppliers/infineon/files/pdf/infineon/INF13.pdf (accessed 10 April 2014). (Rus).

48. Available at: http://bt.rozetka.com.ua/3502659/c3502659/?gclid=CPeh-OidlckCFebhcgoddGgA1A (accessed 12 July 2016). (Rus).

49. Baranov M.I., Koliushko G.M., Kravchenko V.I., Nedzel’skii O.S., Dnyshchenko V.N. A Current Generator of the Artificial Lightning for Full-Scale Tests of Engineering Objects. Pribory i tehnika eksperimenta − Instruments and Experimental Technique, 2008, no.3, pp. 401-405. doi: 10.1134/s0020441208030123.

50. Baranov M.I., Koliushko G.M., Kravchenko V.I., Rudakov S.V. A generator of aperiodic current pulses of artificial lightning with a rationed temporal form of 10 μs/350 μs with an amplitude of ±(100–200) kA. Instruments and Experimental Technique, 2015, vol.58, no.6, pp. 745-750. doi: 10.1134/s0020441215060032.

Published

2016-08-30

How to Cite

Baranov, M. I. (2016). AN ANTHOLOGY OF THE DISTINGUISHED ACHIEVEMENTS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNIQUE. PART 33: ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND PROTECTION FROM ACTION OF POWERFUL ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE OF RADIOELECTRONIC, ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRIC POWER EQUIPMENT. Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, (4), 3–15. https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2016.4.01

Issue

Section

Electrical Engineering. Great Events. Famous names

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 > >>